TOPIC GUIDE: Pop artists

"Pop artists should be judged on their work, not their lifestyle"

PUBLISHED: 02 Sep 2009

AUTHOR: Naomi Todd

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INTRODUCTION

Michael Jackson’s death in 2009 prompted much discussion over how the pop-star should be remembered – as ‘Wacko Jacko’, the tabloid figure famed for his erratic behaviour, extreme plastic surgery and accusations of child abuse, or as an extraordinary talent who produced an exceptional body of work over his musical career [Ref: The Times]. The question is whether pop artists should be judged on their work, or on their behaviour and lifestyle. Whilst many artists are celebrated for the work they produce, the coverage given to the likes of Pete Doherty and Amy Winehouse suggests that their work is but the support act to their many personal dramas [Ref: Independent]. Is this focus on lifestyle damaging? Is it a necessary side-effect of many artists’ alleged status as role models for the young and impressionable? Are pop stars today victims of a celebrity culture, or do they have themselves to blame for becoming a part of it?

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Pop artists DEBATE IN CONTEXT

This section provides a summary of the key issues in the debate, set in the context of recent discussions and the competing positions that have been adopted.

Does focus on an artist’s lifestyle damage their work?
The death of Michael Jackson has also prompted debate over whether his work was damaged by ‘the tawdy freak show that his life had become’ [Ref: Independent]. Cult singer-songwriter Patti Smith [Ref: Wikipedia] is damning of the media’s lack of restraint with regard to divulging artists’ lifestyles, claiming that it ‘creates an addiction’ that diverts people from appreciating artists’ work [Ref: The Times], with Shingai Shoniwa (of The Noisettes) adding that the media ‘don’t seem to want artists to do the job of entertaining and emancipating people’ but are more interested in making them suffer: ‘the more problems you have, the more records you’re going to sell’.  With many pop stars, perhaps most notably Britney Spears, under 24-hour scrutiny by paparazzi and press in order to fill the bloated pages of internet gossip and celebrity magazines,  increasingly it seems as if pop stars can no longer get away with anything or live ordinary lives. However, there are historical precedents to this discussion: the ‘cult of personality’ created by artists such as Oscar Wilde and Lord Byron, who were in many ways the ‘pop stars’ of their time, can be seen to be as influential and lasting as their work [Ref: The Times]. The private lives of some pop stars have inspired original new art works, ranging from music biopics to paintings, which display the benefits that this knowledge can give when placed in the right hands [Ref: The Times]. Many also suggest that since artists utilise and manipulate their own public images to create publicity, they therefore make themselves complicit players in the game of celebrity culture. Is it fair that they should be able to market their private lives when it suits them and then claim invasions of privacy when it doesn’t?  

Role models?
One reason for the scrutiny of artists’ lifestyles is that they are widely regarded as role models for young people. In 2005, Michael Howard, then leader of the Conservative Party, condemned Peter Doherty as a bad role model for children due to the singer’s highly publicised drug habits [Ref: Telegraph], but also hit out at the media for giving Doherty “celebrity coverage” and “the impression that drug-taking is cool.” Doherty’s perceived influence was enough that police banned his band Babyshambles from headlining the Moonfest festival in 2008, fearing that his performance would cause violence [Ref: Sky News]. If the result of young people idolising pop stars is that they imitate their behaviour, then it could be argued that the quality of their music becomes irrelevant. Journalist Sonia Poulton has stated that, despite her love of rap, she is now aware that rap music that “celebrates violence” also makes the “Thug Life” lifestyle of rappers such as the now deceased Tupac Shakur dangerously appealing to its “many young impressionable followers”. However, is the pop star ‘role model’ in itself a media creation? It is unclear whether or not musicians really have any impact on the behaviour of their fans, or whether this is a false perception that unfairly assumes the naivety of young music fans [Ref: BBC News]. Even if artists are role models, is this enough to justify the exploitation of their conduct and private lives by the media? Is it right that, as Michael Jackson stated in an interview, ‘becoming successful means that you become a prisoner’? [Ref: First Post].
 
Can pop artists be judged solely on their work?
For those who think that artists should be judged on the merits of their work alone, there is an assumption that it is possible to divorce a celebrity’s work from his or her personal life. But is this relationship quite so clear cut? Moses Albubala, a member of the Kenyan choir that sang at US President Obama’s inauguration, states that one of music’s greatest attributes is that though it, ‘you are able to learn about someone’s lifestyle’ [Ref: The Times]. As all art is born from the mind of the artist, it is more than likely that it will be influenced by their experiences and reflect their lifestyle in some fashion. To some artists themselves, their lifestyle is as, if not more, important than their actual work – it is an artist’s task to be, in the words of Marc Almond, ‘flawed and extinguishable, but never mediocre’ [Ref: Independent]. For many, the highs and lows of an artist’s lifestyle provoke their interest and also allow them to better relate to the artist, and thus have a greater understanding and appreciation of their work, as evidenced by the strong demand for celebrity biographies. It is also possible that a greater understanding of artists’ private lives acts to humanise these figures, and to prevent the kind of ignorant idolization of musicians that could lead to the imitation of their mistakes.However, the focus on the private lives of artists has been criticized for creating a shallow cult of celebrity which idolizes ‘talentless non-entities who are famous merely for being famous’ [Ref: BBC News]. The fear is that if the attention is on the lifestyle, the work can all too easily slip from view. 

ESSENTIAL READING

It is crucial for debaters to have read the articles in this section, which provide essential information and arguments for and against the debate motion. Students will be expected to have additional evidence and examples derived from independent research, but they can expect to be criticised if they lack a basic familiarity with the issues raised in the essential reading.

Michael Jackson: Genius or child abuser?

Dan Cairns The Times 28 June 2008

Focus: The new decadence: Rock & Roll: All the best stars are a mess

Charles Shaar Murray Independent 5 February 2005

FOR

Jacko was off the wall, but I’ll rock with him

Sophia Heawood Independent 28 June 2009

Wait, Beth Ditto sings, too?

Kate Harding Salon 19 June 2009

The role of the artist

Miranda Sawyer Observer 11 November 2007

Leave Lindsay Lohan alone

Nick Johnstone Guardian 24 November 2006

Our gossip-hungry culture is as immature as those it demonizes

Deborah Orr Independent 24 September 2005

AGAINST

Voices of change: emblem of Obama’s heritage

Ben Machell The Times 27 June 2009

Is Biggie Smalls a worthy role model? Hell, no

Lindsay Johns The Times 12 February 2009

The brand of Oscar Wilde

Giles Brandreth The Times 6 April 2008

Let Amy Winehouse do drugs

Mark Ravenhill Guardian 3 September 2007

IN DEPTH

Slaves to fame

Patrick West Culture Wars 23 October 2008

Patti Smith, Juliette Lewis and Shingai Shoniwa on rock stardom

Sophie Heawood The Times 19 October 2007

Control and I’m Not There avoid the biopic pitfalls

Jessica Winter Slate 10 October 2007

KEY TERMS

Definitions of key concepts that are crucial for understanding the topic. Students should be familiar with these terms and the different ways in which they are used and interpreted and should be prepared to explain their significance.

BACKGROUNDERS

Useful websites and materials that provide a good starting point for research.

Hardcore fans say Britney Spears saved them

Jessica Bannet Newsweek 22 July 2009

Should Britney Spears be under her father’s control?

Christopher Goodwin The Times 7 June 2009

Have celebrities finally snapped?

Guardian 4 May 2009

Pete Doherty interview

NME Radio 21 April 2009

Prophet and loss – How the web’s hottest gossip empire lost it’s mojo

Tim Walker and Alexis Ashman Independent 8 January 2009

Hey Gawker, Leave the Travoltas alone

New York Magazine 5 January 2009

Should Pop Stars be role models?

Pop Music Scene 14 July 2008

Media intrusion: sharing the blame

Nicholas Jones Campaign for Press and Broadcasting Freedom 5 February 2008

Is it OK to like R Kelly?

Sam Richards Guardian 20 March 2007

Amy Winehouse interview

ITV.com 15 March 2007

Why I love celebrity culture

Guardian 21 February 2007

Miss Britney, CEO

Michael Wuebben CBS News 11 January 2007

Clapton : The Autobiography

Jeff Clutterbuck Daily Vault

ORGANISATIONS

Links to organisations, campaign groups and official bodies who are referenced within the Topic Guide or which will be of use in providing additional research information.

IN THE NEWS

Relevant recent news stories from a variety of sources, which ensure students have an up to date awareness of the state of the debate.

AUDIO/VISUAL

Pete Doherty interview

NME Radio 21 April 2009

Amy Winehouse interview

ITV.com 15 March 2007

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